Donegal student told court she was “blind drunk” when allegedly raped

first_imgWARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT: A Donegal student has told a jury at the Central Criminal Court that she was “blind drunk” when two men allegedly raped her.The alleged rape victim was a student at a college when she was allegedly raped by the two defendants in February 2015. In a trial that began last week, the men, who have a legal entitlement to anonymity, have pleaded not guilty to two counts of rape of the woman in a town in the county.The defendants are now aged 29 and 33 and are residents of Donegal. The complainant is now aged in her 20s.In her direct evidence, she told Seamus Clarke SC, prosecuting, that she and a female friend had spent the night at a “student night” in a local pub and nightclub.She said she had drunk a number of vodka drinks, a cocktail and cider. She said they were given free “Jolly rancher” shots and used a drinks voucher won in a “pub quiz” to buy eight vodka and red bulls, some of which she remembers drinking.The woman said when she and her friend left the nightclub she was “very intoxicated”.She said she and her friend were walking home when they came across two men sitting in a parked car. The woman said her friend spoke to the men and then told her, “We’re gonna get a lift home”.The complainant said they drove for about ten minutes before entering an apartment she didn’t know. “I remember being quite drunk and staggering up the stairs, I couldn’t walk properly,” she told the jury.She said she and her friend were hungry and didn’t want to drink any more and wanted to get food. The men gave them a drink which she believed was vodka.“I was very intoxicated. I was ready to pass out and fall over,” she told the jury. She said on a scale of one to ten of drunkenness, she was ten.Video footage, taken on a mobile phone by the complainant’s friend, shows the women in an apartment with two men. Later footage shows the woman falling on the bathroom floor, exposing her underwear, before two men hold her up.The complainant identified herself on the footage and told the court it showed both men carrying her to the bedroom. She said she remembers lying on a bed and someone heavy on her and then something inside her vagina.“I was half way between sleep and drunkenness. I felt like I didn’t know what was happening. I didn’t know if it was a dream or it was actually happening. I was just so drunk.“In terms of consenting, I in no way did consent to having sex with these men or to them touching me or coming near me in any intimate way.”Cross-examined over a statement to gardaí by her friend that the complainant was “definitely awake at least for the first half of the time” that she was “with a man”, the witness said: “I may have been awake but I was also blind drunk”.Asked about evidence that she was heard moaning and saying the word “harder”, she said she may have been dreaming and had a history of talking and moaning in her sleep.She told the jury that she and her friend woke up in the apartment the next morning and began watching the mobile phone videos. She said that one of the men told her to delete the footage and was blocking the door out of the apartment.She said she lied and told the man she had deleted the footage and he then offered to drive them back to their flat in the town.The defence position is that any sexual activity that took place was consensual.The complainant told Colman Fitzgerald SC, defending, that she thought she did kiss somebody in the smoking area of the nightclub earlier that night. She said she told gardaí about it and she didn’t know his name.She said she generally wouldn’t kiss someone she didn’t know.“I would have a conversation with them first. I’m not the type of person who would kiss someone without speaking to them first,” she said.She agreed that if she hadn’t been drinking she would not have kissed him and that “drink has the effect that you do something you wouldn’t do when you were sober”Asked if there was anything else she knew she would do when drunk that she might not do when sober, she said no. After a pause she added, “I probably wouldn’t order eight vodka and red bulls if I was sober.”She said she didn’t remember being asked for consent and would not have given it.“I did not say yes, get on top of me and have sex with me. I did not say anything close to that,” she said. The trial continues before Mr Justice Alex Owens and a jury.Donegal student told court she was “blind drunk” when allegedly raped was last modified: October 21st, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Notetaker: talking computer for the blind

first_img24 December 2010 Two researchers at South Africa’s Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have developed a portable talking computer that “speaks” four South African languages – with more still to come – for use by blind people. The “Notetaker for the Blind” was developed by Willem van der Walt, working with Gerhard van den Berg, as part of the National Accessibility Programme, a five-year initiative led by the CSIR’s Meraka Institute to develop information and communications technology resources for people with disabilities. According to the CSIR, the Notetaker was designed “to empower blind users in South Africa, from young children at school to university students and older people, through a single device tailored to general use such as text documents and unit conversions. “Blind users are therefore able to get a three-in-one to take the place of a special scientific calculator, hardware and a DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) player.”Uniquely South African innovation Van der Walt is proud of the way in which the Notetaker has taken shape as a uniquely South African innovation. The computer’s calculator has been designed for future expansion to serve as a financial calculator suited to South African requirements. It has also been built as cheaply as possible, using readily available off-the-shelf components, so that it can be supported locally. The Notetaker has a keyboard for input and a voice synthesiser for output. By using open source software, it has been easier to localise the notetaker, giving users the option to set it to any one of four South African languages: English, Afrikaans, Sesotho sa Leboa (or Sepedi) and isiZulu. Van der Walt, who is a member of the CSIR’s human language technologies research group, is working on integrating text-to-speech resources for other South African languages into the Notetaker.eSpeak for Afrikaans and Sepedi It was Van der Walt who, with the help of colleagues and local and international collaborators, developed eSpeak for Afrikaans and Sepedi. eSpeak, a compact open source software speech synthesiser for English and other languages, uses a different synthesis method from other open-source text-to-speech engines and produces clear articulation. More recently, Van der Walt ported eSpeak on Symbian, the operating system used by certain mobile phones, which has made the localisation of voices possible in the mobile domain. Anyone interested in discussing the Notetaker’s technical details with a view to taking the product to market can Van der Walt on wvdwalt@csir.co.za or Hina Patel of the CSIR Meraka Institute on hpatel@csir.co.za. SAinfo reporter Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

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The benefits of pregnancy diagnosis

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest We are entering an exciting time of the year for cow-calf producers. They have started or soon will be weaning their spring-born calves. Weaning is an excellent time to prepare the calf crop to become herd replacements or for future marketing opportunities by implementing health programs and transitioning to feed rations. It is also a great time to determine the pregnancy status of the breeding herd. Management practices for both these groups can go a long way to determine the ultimate profitability of herd.The factor that should ultimately sort a female to the keep or cull pen is pregnancy status. The three primary methods used in pregnancy diagnosis are rectal palpation, ultrasound evaluation, or blood testing. Each these methods can effectively diagnose the female’s pregnancy status when properly implemented. Obviously the preferred result is for the female to be pregnant. Pregnancy diagnosis is relatively inexpensive, especially when you consider the potential savings of expenses it facilitates.While variable costs such as feed have moderated somewhat lately, it is still fairly expensive to maintain a cow on an annual basis. Producers often fail to consider fixed costs such as machinery, buildings, management, and replacement animal expense. We do not have enough space in this article to debate a sample budget, but it is fair to say the annual carrying costs for a beef female can run from $700 to over $1,000 depending on the situation. An open female is not going to generate any income to help pay the bills.Carrying an open female over to the next year or the next breeding season only compounds the accumulation of expenses.In nearly every case, the producer would be better off selling the open female and replacing her with a bred female. This is particularly true of yearling females. If you can’t get a properly developed, healthy yearling heifer bred in a 60- to 90-day breeding season, sell her as a heavy feeder calf or finish her out to harvest weight. If she is sub-fertile as a yearling, she will likely have fertility problems as a mature female.At the risk of stating the obvious, the pregnant female is the foundation for any productive cow-calf operation. Hopefully the female will calve in a relatively short calving season that occurs during the months of the year that are best suited for your operation and time constraints. A pregnant female can also create some additional marketing opportunities for the producer.Now is an excellent time to evaluate your herd and consider marketing decisions for the fall. Young, high quality cattle backed by solid genetics are in demand with potential buyers. Yearling heifers bred artificially to proven calving ease sires are very marketable. It is also a great time to evaluate the body condition of potential sale animals and make nutritional adjustments to the animal’s diet in anticipation of a sale date. It is my experience that while prospective buyers may complain about overly fat breeding cattle, they certainly resist purchasing breeding cattle that are in thin body condition.One upcoming sale opportunity to consider is the 2017 Ohio Cattlemen’s Association’s Replacement Female Sale on Nov. 24. Consignments for the sale are due to the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association by Oct. 2, 2017. Sale information can be obtained by contacting the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association at (614) 873-6736 or at their web site located at www.ohiocattle.org .last_img read more

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Taking property without just compensation

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Evin Bachelor, Law Fellow, Ohio State University Extension Agricultural and Resource Law ProgramA property owner may bring a claim in federal court under the Fifth Amendment when the government has violated the Takings Clause by taking property without just compensation. This case involved a township ordinance requiring all cemeteries to be held open and accessible to the general public during daylight hours. A property owner with a small family graveyard was notified that she was violating the ordinance. The property owner filed suit in state court arguing that the ordinance constituted a taking of her property, but did not seek compensation. The township responded by saying it would withdraw the notice of violation and not enforce the ordinance against her. The state court said that the matter was therefore resolved, but the property owner was not satisfied with that decision. She decided to bring a takings claim in federal court.Before this decision, there was a roadblock to bringing such claim. Lower courts had read a previous Supreme Court decision to say that if a state or local government commits a taking, the property owner would first have to seek a remedy through the state’s adverse condemnation procedure before going to federal court. But in doing so, the property owner would actually not have a chance to bring the claim in federal court because the federal court would have to give full faith and credit to the state court decision. At first, that seemed like what would happen to the property owner because the state court had decided that the issue was moot since the township had agreed not to enforce the ordinance against her. But the U.S. Supreme Court cleared the way for the property owner by taking the rare action of overruling its prior precedent. Knick v. Township of Scott, Pennsylvania, was not an Ohio court case, but rather one that made its way all the way up to the U.S. Supreme Court.The final opinion handed down by the justices is certainly important, but it is also notable for Ohio because the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation (OFBF) submitted an amicus brief in support of the property owner through its legal counsel, Vorys Sater Seymour and Pease, LLP of Columbus. The brief cited examples in Ohio showing that the Supreme Court’s prior precedent was causing problems for Ohio property owners by limiting their access to federal courts in Fifth Amendment takings claims. OFBF has noted that this was the first time it had submitted an amicus brief to the U.S. Supreme Court.last_img read more

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You Are Not a Rainmaker. You Are a Rain Barrel.

first_imgIf you are unwilling to prospect, you are an order-taker. If you refuse to do the work of creating opportunities, you are not a rainmaker. You are a rain barrel, sitting empty, eyes pointed towards the sky, praying for rain. The Gods of Prospecting are certain in their demands, requiring activity in exchange for their blessings. They punish those who violate this rule with empty pipelines and a sense of desperation and despair.What salespeople do can be boiled down to two things: opportunity creation and opportunity capture (everything is simply some form of commentary as to these two, most necessary outcomes). For some reason, there are people with titles that indicate that they work in sales who believe that selling is only the second and not the first. They like the idea of pursuing deals but they hate the idea of having to create the opportunity in first place. They believe it is someone else’s job to do the lowly work of prospecting, allowing them to reserve their highly specialized skill set from something more valuable work.The idea that someone else is supposed to create your opportunities for you is the mindset of an order-taker. It’s also a strong indicator that you are conflict-averse and lack the chops to interrupt a prospective client and share something valuable enough to command their time and attention. More still, it means you can’t gain the first commitment, the Commitment for Time, which means it’s suspect that you gain the equally difficult commitments of Consensus, Investment, and Resolving Concerns. One can hardly imagine trusting the conversation about value and price and the negotiation that follows to one who is afraid to call a stranger for fear of being rejected, or whatever it is they fear.Because of the very limited value an order-taker creates for clients and the business for whom they work, they are increasingly becoming less and less valuable. The real value a salesperson brings is their ability to both create and capture new opportunities. The rewards in sales accrue to the rainmaker, not the rain barrel.There aren’t too many things that make you an order-taker more than an aversion to prospecting, that being necessary to create new opportunities. Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

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